Elland is a town in the county of West Yorkshire, England, south of Halifax, by the River Calder and the Calder and Hebble Navigation. Its name comes from "ea-land", land near the water. 

Elland was famous for its durable flagstones which, thanks to the nearby canal, could be transported very economically all over the county. Elland is also the home of the "Gannex" raincoat and of a particular type of boiled sweet. 

The town is also home to the Rex Cinema, one of the few remaining independent cinemas in Britain. 

Mentioned in the Doomsday book as being of more importance at that time than the nearby towns of Halifax and Huddersfield, Elland was a centre of wool production. The decline of the woolen industry has had a significant effect on the town, with many of the mills having been demolished or turned over to other uses. Significant buildings of interest in the town include St Mary's church, The former Rose and Crown in Northgate and the Fleece Inn (reputedly haunted) at the top of Westgate.